Institutions at state level
The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina (MoFTER)
MoFTER was delegated certain competencies in environmental protection by virtue of the Law on Ministries and Other Administrative Bodies of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH No. 5/03), as stipulated in Article 9:
"The Ministry shall be competent for carrying out tasks and discharging duties which are within the jurisdiction of BiH and relate to defining policy, basic principles, co-ordinating activities and harmonising plans of the Entity authorities and bodies at the international level in the fields of agriculture, energy, environmental protection, development and use of natural resources."
One of the eight sectors within this Ministry is the Sector for Natural Resources, Energy and Environmental Protection, which is comprised of five departments: Department for Water Resources, Department for Tourism, Department for Primary Energy and Policy, Department for Secondary Energy and Projects, Department for Environmental Protection and Department for Project Implementation.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Authority for Plant Health Protection
Established by virtue of the decision of the Council of Ministers dating back to 2004 (Official Gazette of BiH No. 23/04), as an administrative organization within the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations and its head office is located in Sarajevo. This Authority is a national body for plant health protection, which is competent for coordination and liaison with regard to plant protection issues and for provisions arising from the International Plant Protection Convention (Official Gazette of BiH No. 8/03), ratified by BiH in 2003, as well as from local legislation. The Authority is comprised of three departments: Department for Plant Health Protection, Department for Phytopharmaceutical Substances and Mineral Fertilizers and the Department for Seeds and Planting Materials for Agricultural Crops and Variety Protection.
The Veterinary Medicine Office of BiH
Established by virtue of the decision of the Council of Ministers dated 18 December 2000. The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina is directly competent for this state body. The Veterinary Medicine Office enacts the competencies it was delegated under the law in a harmonized manner and in line with operational activities of the Entity veterinary medicine services and in line with the activities of the Brčko District Veterinary Medicine Service, all for the purpose of improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the overall service system in Bosnia and Herzegovina and of maintaining the status of an international recognized state veterinary medicine service. The Office is comprised of the following departments: Department for Animal Health and Welfare, Department for Food Safety and Conditions in Facilities, Department for Veterinary Medicine Inspection, Agency for Animal Identification. The Veterinary Medicine Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina partially regulates the filed of environmental protection by way of preventive veterinary medicine based on the Law of Veterinary Medicine of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH No. 34/02).
Bosnia and Herzegovina Agency for Statistics (BHAS)
BHAS is a body competent for processing, distributing and defining the statistical data of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Law on Statistics, Official Gazette of BiH No. 26/04); it conducts international representation and performs international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina regarding statistics; it defines statistical standards for carrying out Statistics Research Programmes, thereby taking into consideration the statistical legal acts of the European union comprised in the Statistical requirements compendium, international recommendations and other principles as well as best practices that guide the operations of statistical institutions. One of the ten sectors with the Bosnia and Herzegovina Agency for Statistics is the Sector for Agriculture, Environment and Regional Statistics, which is comprised of two Departments: Department for Environment, Energy and Regional Statistics and Department for Agriculture. The relations between Entity Institutes and the BiH Agency for Statistics are governed by the BiH Law on Statistics (Article 18) and the Agreement on the application of unique methodologies and standards for developing BiH statistical data.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Communications and Transport (MKT BiH)
MKT BiH has the following competencies as defined by the Law on Ministries and Other Administrative Bodies of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH No. 5/03):
- policy and regulation of joint and international communication devices, international and inter-entity transport and infrastructure;
- preparation of contracts, agreements and other documents in the field of international and inter-entity communications and transport;
- relations with international organizations in the field of international and inter-entity communications and transport;
- preparation and drafting of strategic and planning documents in the field of international and inter-entity communications, transport, infrastructure and information technology;
- control of unhindered transport within international transport ; civil aviation and supervision of air transport (this Ministry also comprises the BiH Directorate for Civil Aviation, an administrative organization, the rights and duties of which are defined by a special law).
The Inter-Entity Coordination Body for the Environment
... established in 2006, deals with all environmental protection issues which require a harmonized approach of both Entities and is competent for harmonizing environmental laws, regulations, standards and actions plans, international treaties addressing environmental issues and their implementation; participation in international processes and cooperation with international organizations; monitoring of the environment, information systems and information exchange as well as transboundary and inter-entity environmental issues. This Committee consists of eight members, four nominated by the Government of the Republic of Srpska and four nominated by the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, who meet at least six times a year.